Indicator database

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    Critical load exceedance for nitrogen

    Exceedance of critical loads for nitrogen deposition indicating risks for biodiversity loss in (semi)-natural ecosystems.
    (Source: EEA,, 6-2-2015)

    Fuel prices

    "The price of fuel in the EU, including the cost price, excise duty and VAT. Prices are in Euros per litre."

    (EEA,, 2014-12-17)

    Municipal waste generation, total

    Total Municipal waste consists of waste generated by households primarily, but may also include similar wastes generated by small businesses and public institutions and collected by the municipality.

    (Source Eurostat,

    Nitrogen oxides emissions

    Nitric oxide (NO) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) are together referred to as nitrogen oxides (NOX). Combustion of fossil fuels is by far the dominant source of NOX emissions. The emissions are not dependent solely on the amount of nitrogen in the fuel but also on the air - fuel mix ratio. High temperatures and oxidation-rich conditions generally favour NOX formation in combustion.NOX contributes to acid deposition and eutrophication which in turn can lead to potential changes occurring in soil and water quality.

    Public awareness

    This indicator is based on a quantitative questionnaire-based survey (Eurobarometer survey on biodiversity) to provide results that can be presented as, for instance (fictional example): '35 % of the European voting population visit a nature reserve at least once a year'. It can include qualitative information, often involving focus groups, for instance (fictional example): 'Discussion in the United Kingdom focus groups has shown that people are highly concerned about the impact of climate change on wildlife'.

    Landscape fragmentation

    The indicator ┬┤Landscape fragmentation┬┤ is a measure of the degree to which movement between different parts of the landscape is interrupted by barriers. The more barriers fragmenting the landscape, the higher the effective mesh density. Landscape fragmentation contributes significantly to the decline and loss of wildlife populations and to the increasing endangerment of species in Europe. (Definition Eurostat)

    Landfill rate of waste excluding major mineral wastes

    The indicator is defined as the volume of waste landfilled (directly or indirectly) in a country per year divided by the volume of the waste treated in the same year. Waste taken into account excludes major mineral wastes, dredging spoils and contaminated soils. This exclusion enhances comparability across countries, as mineral waste accounts for high quantities in some countries due to economic activities such as mining and construction.

    Generation of waste excluding major mineral wastes

    This indicator is defined as all waste generated in a country per inhabitant and year, excluding major mineral wastes, dredging spoils and contaminated soils. This exclusion enhances comparability across countries as mineral waste accounts for high quantities in some countries and economic activities such as mining and construction.

    Recycling rate of e-waste

    Electrical and electronic waste (e-waste) is a risk to environment because of its hazardous components. However, it also provides a high potential for recycling precious metals and other highly valuable materials.
    The indicator presents the effective recycling rate of e-waste which is the collection rate multiplied by the efficiency of treatment of waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE).
    WEEE cannot simply be regarded as being equivalent to the amount put on the market in the same year, as EEE often takes longer than one year to become a waste.

    Eco-Innovation Outputs

    Eco-innovation outputs are one of five areas in the Eco-Innovation Scoreboard. The index for this area is calculated based on three indicators: government investments in environmental and energy R&D, green early stage investments and total R&D personnel
    (Spurce:; Retrieved: 20/4/2015)

    Eco-innovation related academic publications (per mln population)

    The indicator shows the number of the eco-innovation related publications per million of population
    Retrieved: 20/4/2015)

    Innovation Union Scoreboard

    The Innovation Union Scoreboard is an instrument of the European Commission, developed under the Lisbon Strategy and revised after the adoption of the Europe2020 Strategy to provide a comparative assessment of the innovation performance of EU Member States.
    The measurement framework used in the Innovation Union Scoreboard distinguishes between 3 main types of indicators and 8 innovation dimensions, capturing in total 25 different indicators.